Civil Engineering is the art of directing the great sources of power in nature for the use and
convenience of man, as the means of production and of traffic in states, both for external and
internal trade, as applied in the construction of roads, bridges, aqueducts, canals, river navigation
and docks for internal intercourse navigation by artificial power for the purposes of commerce, and
in the construction and application of machinery, and in the drainage of cities and towns.
Civil Engineering has been an aspect of life since the beginnings of human existence. Civil engineering
might be considered properly commencing between 4000 and 2000 BC in Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia when
humans started to abandon a nomadic existence, thus causing a need for the construction of shelter.
In 1818 the Institution of Civil Engineers was founded in London, and in 1820 the eminent engineer
Thomas Telford became its first president. The institution received a Royal Charter in 1828, formally
recognising civil engineering as a profession. In India pioneering work is done by the eminent engineers
like Sir M.Viswesvarayya